The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Science and Human Rights group has released a May 2009 report detailing its response to a request from Human Rights Watch (HRW) and Amnesty International (AI) to rapidly acquire and analyze high-resolution satellite imagery of a conflict in Sri Lanka. A summary of the report reads:
Seeking information on the status and fate of an unknown number of internally displaced persons (IDP), SHRP reviewed satellite imagery acquired May 6 and 10 to determine changes in the location of IDP settlements and identify any evidence of heavy weapons use. Significant changes in the location of IDPs were documented, along with dozens of possible impact craters. Results were utilized by HRW, AI, and other organizations in advocating for civilian protection in Sri Lanka.
The full report, with satellite images, is available online. The AAAS website also includes general information on its Geospatial Technologies and Human Rights Project, with overviews of several other case studies. The American Anthropological Association is a member of the AAAS Science and Human Rights Coalition.